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They are the only places where human intervention is impossible and, therefore, the most endemic flora species are present in the canyons and on the steep rocks of the escarpment.

The region of  Sitia is characterized by the existence of exceptionally beautiful canyons which were created at the beginning of the Pleistocene period, a period during which Crete developed its present form approximately two million years ago.

The dramatic tectonic changes which actually created the island of Crete had a huge impact on the creation of the canyons, which took their present form due to other natural causes such as water erosion.

The geological structure of the region of Sitia advanced the development of canyons, which in turn contributed to the configuration of a geological and morphological landscape rich in alterations.


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