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The prevailing ecosystem in the area is mainly brush, i.e. low vegetation that mostly consists of brushwood, aromatic herbs and invertebrates, reptiles and mammals that live in such habitats. There are no large forest ecosystems or clusters of trees in the area, except in the Palm Forest of Vai, where the Cretan Date Palm (Phoenix theophrasti) prevails, and small patches of Kermes Oak (Quercus coccifera), Oriental Planes (Platanus orientalis) and carob trees (Ceratonia siliqua), usually found in canyons and ravines.

Habitat is an ecological or environmental area that is inhabited by a particular species of animal, plant, or other type of organism. It is the natural environment in rich an organism lives, or the physical environment that surrounds (influences and is utilized by) a species population.

The habitats observed in the area, which have been recorded in the NATURA 2000 network, are patches of Phoenician Juniper (Juniperus prhoenicea) on coastal sand dunes, such as the areas of Chryssi Ammos in Vai and Katsounaki beach in Xerokambos, and brush vegetation that dominate the entire park, Mediterannean ecosystems with a steppe-like mountainous grasses, rocky habitats on steep mountainsides and canyons, Mediterranean rivers with periodic flow, clusters of Cretan Date Palms, wetland systems and small Mediterranean lakes that periodically flood with waters, and, lastly, agricultural land as well as crop fields, mainly vineyards and olive groves.


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